The epochal speech of Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the XIX Congress of the CPC took about three hours, becoming the longest speech of the head of the party and the state in the history of the People’s Republic of China. The last party congress will be discussed for a long time on major intellectual platforms and on the pages of leading mass media.

Some experts note that it may take more than nine hours to interpret the entire speech. However, I would like to highlight a number of theses that, in my opinion, most characterize this historic ideological program report for our eastern neighbor.

First. China has strengthened its political leadership.

During the first five years of his rule, President Xi has shown himself to be a strategist with an unconventional, flexible thinking, capable of new original solutions. He managed to effectively consolidate the Chinese establishment and motivate the country to reach new heights in development. That is why President Xi was recognized as the “core of the party” and was given a special status in the CPC system.

Now three historical figures are mentioned in the ideological base of the ruling party of China – Mao Zedong, the architect of Chinese economic reforms Deng Xiaoping and Xi Jinping. Under the leadership of Xi Jinping, the Chinese Communist Party has developed a plan for the development of the state for the next 30 years. The countdown has begun for the next stage in the construction of Chinese communism, which will be held under the symbol of the so-called new era for the country.

Second. China has proposed its own model of international development.

The XIX Congress of the CPC clearly systematized the concepts and ideas proposed by the Chinese leader during the five years of his rule. One of the key ideas is the construction of a” community of a single destiny ” for all mankind. Today, Beijing has its own clear idea of what the future world should look like.

Xi Jinping proposed a philosophy of relations with other countries, stressing that they should be built on mutual benefit. And I like such theses of the Chinese leader that a rising China needs to remember its duty to humanity and be able to give up its own benefits in the name of help if necessary. This is a radically new leadership, which is necessary today for dynamically changing international relations.

The third. China continues to move towards high and ambitious development goals.

The goals set cover all areas of state development, including the economy, politics, strengthening the position of the People’s Republic of China abroad, the social sphere, the environment and others. As a result, a well-thought-out national strategy has been formulated in a complex that can transform the growing China into a world leader in the next decades.

China has been developing dynamically for several decades. We see that the Chinese economy is undergoing another modernization – the transition to new technological structures. Currently, the Celestial Empire is a world leader not only in finance, industrial production, but also in the sector of scientific research and innovation. Today, China is becoming one of the world’s centers of its own development and mass production from a country that copies foreign technologies.

We are seeing a transformation of thinking in China, which is increasingly gravitating towards its own model. Thus, Chinese socialism, based on socialism and economic theory, is characterized by a high influence of the state in an economy that has all the signs of a market economy. The result was a harmonious symbiosis of socio-economic development, which managed to combine completely different economic theories.

Fourth. The Chinese initiative “One Belt and One Road” is changing the world.

Eurasia, the continental mass that unites Europe and Asia, is rapidly being drawn into a single market that covers 65% of the world’s population, 75% of the world’s energy resources and over 60% of the world’s GDP. It is the transport corridors passing through Kazakhstan that link all this together.

“One Belt and One Road” permeates Eurasia from East to West, changes the configuration of its economy and opens up new growth opportunities. The Belt and Road create a new powerful gravitational field in the world economy and politics. The Belt and Road project has launched a regrouping of forces in the international arena, identifying trillions of dollars of potential investments and competition in a new format.

President of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbayev noted in one of his speeches that ” China, in fact, has shown the world a model of regional cooperation of a fundamentally new promising format.” And, indeed, today the Chinese project contrasts favorably with the increasingly popular ideas of nationalism, protectionism and isolationism in the West. Therefore, it is important that the Belt and Road initiative has become one of the foundations of the development of the People’s Republic of China and has been included in the updated charter of the Communist Party of China.

Fifth. China is becoming truly global.

The Global Belt and Road Initiative meets the task set by Xi Jinping – to create a foreign policy concept of a”large state”.
It is very important that the resolution adopted by the XIX Congress of the CPC states that the PRC will always follow the peaceful path of development and contribute to the construction of a new system of international relations. All developing countries are waiting for this. New approaches in the foreign policy of the People’s Republic of China are also obvious – broad unification initiatives. And it is important to note that these initiatives are supported by the international community.

In general, if we summarize the key message of the report and speak in terms of Xi Jinping, China is entering a new era. But if we look more broadly, we must say that China has opened a new political and economic era in international relations.

China’s self-elevation in the world hierarchy opens up a qualitatively new period of development not only for itself. The transformation of the PRC into a global factor means increased attention to all the neighbors of the Middle Kingdom.

Now we see that the epicenter of international life is clearly moving to Asia, this will also determine the new positioning of Kazakhstan and the entire Central Asia. A new period of development can open up opportunities for the development of our region.

Central Asia is getting an opportunity for economic revival: for the first time in 25 years, the region becomes a participant influencing its development, and not just an object of external efforts. Due to the integration of the “East-West” transport communications, the problem of continental isolation is removed. Strong prerequisites for intra-regional cooperation are being created.

Large-scale joint investments in infrastructure, logistics, extraction and processing of natural resources in the next 10-15 years will create the foundation for the development of human capital, the creation of new economic sectors in Kazakhstan and Central Asian countries by the middle of the XXI century.


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